Tier 5 Visa
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Tier 5 Visa
Tier 5 visas cater for a range of circumstances and migration purposes.
Importantly, following the end of the post-Brexit transition period on 31 December 2020, all foreign nationals, including EU, EEA and Swiss citizens, will be required to apply for a Tier 5 visa to come to the UK to work.
It is important to seek legal advice to understand the relevant migration options open to you for your specific circumstances, to ensure your case is effectively represented to the authorities and to avoid any delays with your application.
What are the Tier 5 visas?
The Tier 5 visa is for certain types of migrant worker from outside the EEA or Switzerland wanting to work on a short-term basis and whose entry to the UK will help to satisfy cultural, charitable, religious or international objectives.
There are two main categories under the Tier 5 visa route: temporary workers and workers on the Tier 5 Youth Mobility Scheme.
The Tier 5 temporary worker route is for those with an offer of employment in the UK from a licensed sponsor and contains the following six sub-tiers:
- Tier 5 Creative and Sporting visa: for people coming to the UK to work or perform as sports people, entertainers or creative artists
- Tier 5 Charity Worker visa: for people wanting to undertake unpaid voluntary work for a UK-based charity
- Tier 5 Religious Worker visa: for people coming to the UK to undertake religious work, such as non-pastoral duties
- Tier 5 Government Authorised Exchange visa: for people coming to the UK through approved schemes that aim to share knowledge, experience and best practice through work placements, while experiencing the wider social and cultural setting of the UK
- Tier 5 International Agreement visa: for people who will be contracted to do work covered by international law while in the UK, such as working as a private servant in a diplomatic household or for a foreign government
- Tier 5 Seasonal Worker visa: for those coming to the UK to undertake seasonal work under a short-term pilot scheme, running between March 2019 and December 2020, enabling employers in the edible horticulture sector to access seasonal workers via an approved scheme operator.
The Tier 5 Youth Mobility Scheme is specifically for 18 to 30 year olds to undertake a cultural exchange scheme, offering young migrants from various participating countries and territories opportunities to work temporarily while experiencing life in the UK.
Tier 5 visa requirements
The requirements for the Tier 5 visa can vary depending on the nature of the job and the sub-tier of temporary worker making the application. However, with the exception of those applying under the Youth Mobility Scheme route, to qualify for a Tier 5 visa the following two requirements must be met:
- The applicant must be assigned a valid Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS) from a UK licensed sponsor
- The applicant must have sufficient funds to support themself on their arrival in the UK
The CoS requirement
All Tier 5 visa applicants under the temporary worker route will need to be assigned a CoS from a licensed sponsor before they can apply to come to the UK to work. This is a reference number that holds information about the applicant’s personal details and the prospective job on offer. It is not an actual certificate or paper document but rather an electronic record.
The sponsor will be required to give the Tier 5 visa applicant their CoS reference number before that individual submits their application. This number must be used within a period of 3 months from the date of issue.
The type of sponsor required will depend upon the category of Tier 5 visa. For example, if the applicant is applying under the Tier 5 Government Authorised Exchange route, their sponsor could be either:
- An organisation running an approved exchange scheme
- A higher education institution, where the applicant is a sponsored researcher, visiting academic or examiner, or
- A government department or agency
The work, training or research to be undertaken by the Tier 5 visa applicant in the UK must also relate to the work of the sponsoring employer or organisation.
The maintenance requirement
Under the maintenance requirement the Tier 5 visa applicant will need to show that s/he can maintain and accommodate themself on their arrival in the UK. This means providing proof that they have at least £945 of personal savings. This must have been held for at least a consecutive 90-day period ending no earlier than 31 days prior to the date of their application.
It will not be necessary to show £945 in savings if the applicant’s fully approved (A-rated) sponsor has stated on the CoS that they will certify their maintenance and that they will not claim benefits during their stay.
For a Tier 5 visa under the Youth Mobility Scheme, the applicant will be required to show they have £1,890 in cash savings. The scheme does not require the offer of a job or a sponsorship certificate, where sponsors are deemed to be the national governments of participating countries and territories.
Sponsoring Tier 5 workers
For an employer or organisation to be able to sponsor a Tier 5 visa applicant and assign a valid CoS, they must have in place a Tier 5 sponsorship licence awarded by the UK Home Office. A sponsorship licence is based on two main principles:
- Those who benefit most from migration, ie; UK-based employers or organisations sponsoring non-EEA migrant workers, should play their part in ensuring the UK immigration system is not abused
- Those applying to come to the UK, ie; non-EEA migrant workers, are eligible to undertake either paid or unpaid work and that a reputable employer genuinely wishes to employ them
To be granted a Tier 5 sponsorship licence an application will need to be made on behalf of the company or organisation, meeting various different eligibility and suitability criteria, including:
- The sponsor must be a genuine organisation operating lawfully in the UK
- They can offer the Tier 5 visa applicant a genuine vacancy that meets the relevant criteria
- They are honest, dependable and reliable
- They are capable of carrying out their sponsorship duties
The application process for a Tier 5 sponsorship licence can be complex and may even involve the Home Office carrying out a site visit prior to any decision being made. In assessing a Tier 5 sponsorship licence application the Home Office will have regard to the following:
- Certain verifiable documentary evidence as set out under the Immigration Rules to prove that the company or organisation is both genuine and operating lawfully in the UK
- Any history of immigration violations or unspent criminal convictions for a relevant offence of anyone involved in the day-to-day running of the company or organisation, as well as the key personnel named on the Tier 5 sponsorship licence application
- The adequacy of the human resource systems and recruitment practices in place to ensure that the company or organisation will be able to fulfil their duties and obligations as a Tier 5 visa sponsor
A sponsorship licence will be valid for four years, after which it will need to be renewed. The licence will allow the Tier 5 visa sponsor to assign sponsorship certificates to non-EEA migrant workers to enable them to apply for a Tier 5 visa.
How to apply for a Tier 5 visa
An application for the Tier 5 visa must usually be made online by the non-EEA migrant worker from outside the UK, using their unique CoS reference number and by paying the appropriate fee. The applicant will also need to make an appointment at a visa application centre to enrol their biometric information.
Even with suitable sponsorship and a valid COS, this does not necessarily guarantee the grant of a Tier 5 visa. The applicant will still need to score enough points and send supporting evidence where appropriate.
The points available within the Tier 5 temporary worker sub-tiers are as follows:
- The CoS requirement: 30 points
- The maintenance requirement: 10 points
With the exception of those seeking entry to the UK under the seasonal worker’s scheme, temporary workers must also satisfy the ‘Genuine Tier 5 (Temporary Worker) Migrant Test’. This means they must show that they genuinely intend to undertake, and are capable of undertaking, the role for which the CoS was assigned and that they will not undertake employment in the UK other than that permitted by their entry clearance or leave, should it be granted.
It is also important to note that under all Tier 5 visa categories, whether or not all other relevant requirements have been met, an applicant may still fall foul of the general grounds for refusal, such as having a history of recent or serious criminal convictions or previous immigrations violations.
What documents are needed for the Tier 5 visa?
Switching from Tier 4 to Tier 5?
What are the Tier 5 visa costs?
The application fee for the Tier 5 visa is £244, or a reduced fee of £189 for citizens of Macedonia or Turkey. As part of their application, Tier 5 visa applicants will also be liable to pay an Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS).
The IHS will be calculated on the basis of the length of leave granted and will allow the visa holder to access the NHS for the duration of their stay in the UK.
The sponsoring employer or organisation will be responsible for paying a fee of £21 for every CoS assigned to a Tier 5 migrant worker, although certificates are free for citizens of Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey.
How DavidsonMorris can help
At DavidsonMorris we have the experience to advise you on UK immigration routes and compliance to support your organisation’s workforce needs.
As a team of immigration lawyers and former Home Office employees, we have an established reputation for effective and efficient processing of visa applications, and for providing expert visa-related advice.
By far the most friendly and approachable lawyers we have ever used
For specialist advice for employers, speak to our experts.